Everglades Ecosystem

Find out About the Natural Features of the Everglades Ecosystem

If you visit Florida, you should not leave without visiting the Everglades ecosystem. This place is awe-inspiring. This ecosystem is more 100 miles long. The Everglades is a unique place and if you visit this place, you will have the time of your life. It is a sub-tropical refuge to several animal species and plants. Even though experts have identified 9 distinct habitats, the landscape is still dynamic. Its ecosystem is a constant flux due to the environmental factors.

Everglades Ecosystem
Everglades Ecosystem

Take a look and learn about the different Everglades ecosystem.

Hardwood Hammock

The hardwood hammock is actually the dense stand of broad leafy trees. This grows on the natural rise and is few inches tall. You will find hammocks in almost all ecosystems. In deeper marshes and sloughs, the seasonal flow of water will offer this hammock a unique teardrop shape.

There are many tropical species such as gumbo limbo, mahogany, and cocoplum. This generally grows alongside the popular species, live oak, hackberry, and maple. This diverse combination of ecosystem will also offer diverse wildlife.

Since hammocks have an elevation, they hardly flood. The acids from the trees help in dissolving the limestone that is found around each and every tree. The natural moat will also protect the hammock plants. Here, the ferns and also the airplant survive under the shade of the tall trees.


Pinelands, the pine rocklands, the forest can take root in the limestone substrate that is exposed. You will notice that the rugged terrain has a canopy that is formed by the slash pine. The understory will boast of the diverse range of flora. This includes the various endemic species which grow around the local area.

Fire is important if the pine community wants to survive. This is because it clears out the faster growing hardwood which can block the light of the pine seedlings. Several plants that grow here and they have adopted themselves to its light. The park will use the regiment of burns that are prescribed in order to mimic the natural pattern or fire which will keep the areas healthy.


You will come across the mangrove forest in the coastal channels. However, you will find the winding river in the tips of South Florida. The word mangrove doesn’t actually mean a particular botanical relation. It specifies salt tolerant trees which thrive amongst the harsh weather conditions.

Red mangroves are popular for its stilt like roots. However, the white and black mangroves thrive in the tidal waters. This is where the fresh water of the Everglades ecosystem mixes with the salt water. This habitat is important for various recreational and commercially significant marine species. In the dry months, you will find the wading birds congregating. They come here to feed and nest. In fact, during the months of summer, the mangrove forest offers the first defense line against the raging storm winds.

Coastal Lowlands

You will find this in between the tidal mud flats of dry land and Florida bay. Coastal Lowlands or the coastal prairie is has a proper drainage system. This is shrubby and has salt tolerant vegetation. You will find periodic flood and onslaught of heavy rain. Hurricane and tropical storms bring this. The salinity level is pretty high in the lowlands. Thus, you will find numerous salt-tolerant communities. These are communities that feature succulents. The plants of this ecosystem can bear harsh weather condition.

If you want to have some adventure, this is the best place to visit. You will be able to see the alligators and various other wild life creatures. All you need to do is make a plan beforehand.